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Wednesday, April 8, 2015

What Is Nausea

Many people don’t know what is Nausea?
Nausea is a vomiting sensation accompanied by discomfort and unease in the head and stomach. Many drugs can cause the side effect of nausea. Over-consumption of sugary foods is another cause. Nausea is a symptom of many conditions. Chemotherapy treatment for cancer can produce nausea as also the condition of pregnancy in women.

Causes of Nausea
The following conditions can produce the symptom of nausea:
  • HIV infection
  • Excess alcohol drinking
  • Anxiety
  • Brain tumor
  • Excess intake of caffeine
  • Chicken pox
  • Cancer
  • Concussion
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Diabetes
  • Certain drugs used for medicinal or recreational purposes
  • Influenza
  • Food poisoning
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Heart attack
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Kidney stones
  • Kidney failure
  • Meningitis
  • Migraine
  • Menstruation
  • Certain narcotic drugs
  • Morning sickness
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Pregnancy
  • Pneumonia
  • Pregnancy
  • Too much tension and stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Vertigo
  • Viral hepatitis

Diagnosis of Nausea
Since nausea is a common symptom of many conditions, your doctor will inquire about your medical history and medications that you use. Report any other symptoms that you may experience to your doctor. Tests to detect the cause of nausea include neurological examination, abdominal examination and testing for blood pressure. Nubile women need to undergo a pregnancy test. Patients who have suffered a recent head injury need to sit for a brain imaging test.

Prevention of Nausea
Nausea cannot be completely prevented as it is caused by many conditions, as mentioned above. 

To prevent the impact of nausea, you can use the following tips:

  • Don’t over-eat, but consume small meals to keep your stomach light.
  • Avoid bothersome odors like some perfumes or cooking smells.
  • If certain foods cause nausea, avoid them altogether.
  • Do not eat food that looks or smells spoilt.
  • If you are vulnerable to motion sickness, ask your physician to prescribe effective anti-nausea medications before traveling.
  • Avoid excess alcohol intake.
  • Do not consume alcohol along with medications, as it may make you feel more nauseous.

Treatment of Nausea
  • Drink beverages that help to settle down the stomach like chamomile tea or ginger ale
  • Avoid tea, coffee and caffeinated drinks
  • If nausea leads to vomiting, drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration
  • Eat simple foods that are easy to digest like bananas, chicken soup, bread and rice
  • Avoid fried and spicy foods
  • OTC medications to relieve nausea include Pepto-Bismol and Emetrol
  • To prevent motion sickness you can use Dramamine, Dramamine II or Bonine
  • Your doctor can also prescribe medications to treat nausea. However, most anti-nausea medications cause drowsiness. Pregnant women should not take any anti-nausea medication without their doctor’s permission.
  • When to go to Hospital
Get medical help if you experience any of the following symptoms along with nausea:
If your nausea continues for more than a day or two, consult a doctor immediately
  1. Severe pain in abdomen
  2. Severe headache
  3. Recent injury to the head
  4. Extreme weakness
  5. Vomiting blood
  6. Extreme weakness
  7. High fever
  8. Eye pain or blurred vision
  9. Confused feeling

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